Cats in the classroom: Online learning in hybrid space


  • Michelle Kazmer



Students and professors create a shared on–campus classroom environment through individual and collaborative contributions. Similar contributions go into the design of an online classroom. Online instructors build the learning environment to create a shared learning experience, and designers of course management software reinforce this consistency. Examining the online classroom as "hybrid space" — comprising physical and online space — reveals a more complex reality than a seamless learning environment. Students and instructors share a learning experience, but they also occupy local environments that influence their learning and indirectly influence the experience of everyone in the online class.




How to Cite

Kazmer, M. (2005). Cats in the classroom: Online learning in hybrid space. First Monday, 10(9).